I don't love the term "the media". But I don't know what else to call it.
(A lot of this information could be moved out to the more generic Who owns what?. But I don't want to do that until I can figure out how to interconnect them, without duplication...)
GENERAL ELECTRIC --(donated 1.1 million to GW Bush for his 2000 election campaign) Television Holdings:
The "MS" in MSNBC means microsoft The same Microsoft that donated 2.4 million to get GW bush elected. Other Holdings:
- NBC: includes 13 stations, 28% of US households.
- NBC Network News: The Today Show, Nightly News with Tom Brokaw, Meet the Press, Dateline NBC, NBC News at Sunrise.
- CNBC business television; MSNBC 24-hour cable and Internet news service (co-owned by NBC and Microsoft); Court TV (co-owned with Time Warner), Bravo (50%), A&E (25%), History Channel (25%).
WESTINGHOUSE / CBS INC. Westinghouse Electric Company, part of the Nuclear Utilities Business Group of British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) Television Holdings:
- GE Consumer Electronics.
- GE Power Systems: produces turbines for nuclear reactors and power plants.
- GE Plastics: produces military hardware and nuclear power equipment.
- GE Transportation Systems: runs diesel and electric trains.
- CBS: includes 14 stations and over 200 affiliates in the US.
- CBS Network News: 60 minutes, 48 hours, CBS Evening News with Dan Rather, CBS Morning News, Up to the Minute.
- Country Music Television, The Nashville Network, 2 regional sports networks.
- Group W Satellite Communications.
VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. Television Holdings:
- Westinghouse Electric Company: provides services to the nuclear power industry.
- Westinghouse Government Environmental Services Company: disposes of nuclear and hazardous wastes. Also operates 4 government-owned nuclear power plants in the US.
- Energy Systems: provides nuclear power plant design and maintenance.
- Paramount Television, Spelling Television, MTV, VH-1, Showtime, The Movie Channel, UPN (joint owner), Nickelodeon, Comedy Central, Sundance Channel (joint owner), Flix.
- 20 major market US stations.
DISNEY / ABC / CAP (donated 640 thousand to GW's 2000 campaign) Television Holdings:
- Paramount Pictures, Paramount Home Video, Blockbuster Video, Famous Players Theatres, Paramount Parks.
- Simon & Schuster Publishing.
- ABC: includes 10 stations, 24% of US households.
- ABC Network News: Prime Time Live, Nightline, 20/20, Good Morning America.
- ESPN, Lifetime Television (50%), as well as minority holdings in A&E, History Channel and E!
- Disney Channel/Disney Television, Touchtone Television.
- Miramax, Touchtone Pictures.
- Magazines: Jane, Los Angeles Magazine, W, Discover.
- 3 music labels, 11 major local newspapers.
- Hyperion book publishers.
- Infoseek Internet search engine (43%).
TIME-WARNER TBS - AOL (donated 1.6 million to GW's 2000 campaign) America Online (AOL) acquired Time Warner–the largest merger in corporate history. Television Holdings:
- Sid R. Bass (major shares) crude oil and gas.
- All Disney Theme Parks, Walt Disney Cruise Lines.
- CNN, HBO, Cinemax, TBS Superstation, Turner Network Television, Turner Classic Movies, Warner Brothers Television, Cartoon Network, Sega Channel, TNT, Comedy Central (50%), E! (49%), Court TV (50%).
- Largest owner of cable systems in the US with an estimated 13 million subscribers.
- HBO Independent Productions, Warner Home Video, New Line Cinema, Castle Rock, Looney Tunes, Hanna-Barbera.
- Music: Atlantic, Elektra, Rhino, Sire, Warner Bros. Records, EMI, WEA, Sub Pop (distribution) = the world’s largest music company.
- 33 magazines including Time, Sports Illustrated, People, In Style, Fortune, Book of the Month Club, Entertainment Weekly, Life, DC Comics (50%), and MAD Magazine.
NEWS CORPORATION LTD. / FOX NETWORKS (Rupert Murdoch) (donations see bottom note) Television Holdings:
- Sports: The Atlanta Braves, The Atlanta Hawks, World Championship Wrestling.
- Fox Television: includes 22 stations, 50% of US households.
- Fox International: extensive worldwide cable and satellite networks include British Sky Broadcasting (40%); VOX, Germany (49.9%); Canal Fox, Latin America; FOXTEL, Australia (50%); STAR TV, Asia; IskyB, India; Bahasa Programming Ltd., Indonesia (50%); and News Broadcasting, Japan (80%).
- The Golf Channel (33%).
- Twentieth Century Fox, Fox Searchlight.
- 132 newspapers (113 in Australia alone) including the New York Post, the London Times and The Australian.
- 25 magazines including TV Guide and The Weekly Standard.
- HarperCollins books.
- Sports: LA Dodgers, LA Kings, LA Lakers, National Rugby League.
- Ansett Australia airlines, Ansett New Zealand airlines.
- Rupert Murdoch: Board of Directors, Philip Morris (USA).
- (Phillip Morris donated 2.9 million to George W Bush in 2000)*
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_media Mass media
Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. It was coined in the 1920s with the advent of nationwide radio networks, mass-circulation newspapers and magazines, although mass media was present centuries before the term became common. The term public media has a similar meaning: it is the sum of the public mass distributors of news and entertainment across mediums such as newspapers, television, radio, broadcasting, which require union membership in large markets such as Newspaper Guild and AFTRA, & text publishers. The concept of mass media is complicated in some internet media as now individuals have a means of potential exposure on a scale comparable to what was previously restricted to select group of mass media producers. These internet media can include personal web pages, podcasts and blogs. The mass-media audience has been viewed by some commentators as forming a mass society with special characteristics, notably atomization or lack of social connections, which render it especially susceptible to the influence of modern mass-media techniques such as advertising and propaganda. The term "MSM" or "mainstream media" has been widely used in the blogosphere in discussion of the mass media and media bias.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_manipulation Media manipulation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_industry Media industry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concentration_of_media_ownership Concentration of media ownership
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternative_media Alternative media
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CNN_effect CNN effect
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_controversy Media controversy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_imperialism Media imperialism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_studies Media studies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_transparency Media transparency
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monopolies_of_knowledge Monopolies of knowledge
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/News_media News media
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrad_of_media_effects Tetrad of media effects
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_model Propaganda model
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_democracy Media democracy
http://www.aim.org/ Accuracy In Media - For Fairness, Accuracy and Balance in News Reporting
Brian Fisher (19 Dec 2007). Is "Mainstream" Media Mainstream? (http://www.coralridge.org/blog/BrianFisher.aspx?mid=).
I've discontinued using the term "mainstream media" to describe what is supposedly the bulk of TV, radio, Internet, and print outlets that cater to mainstream America. I've instead termed it "The Media of Mass Deception (MMD)." Having just finished a book on this subject, I've come to the conclusion that we've been lied to by this media machine for over a half a century. Because the MMD has controlled what we see and hear for so long, many of us think the MMD represents the bulk of the American population. Not so. In a well-distributed study called “The Media Elite,” published by Robert Lichter, Stanley Rothman and Linda Lichter, they uncovered some interesting findings, some of which were:
More than half—55%—of the members of the media strongly agreed or agreed with the statement “Adultery is acceptable,” compared to 30% of the public. It's abundantly clear that the bulk of what is fed to Americans through the MMD is produced and distributed by people who do not resonate with Americans' true mainstream heart and soul.
- 45% of the media described themselves as either atheist or agnostic, compared to only 9% of the general public.
- 89% of the media reported that they seldom or never attend church, compared to only 25% of the general public. By contrast, 42% of the general public reported that they attended church weekly, compared to 6% of the members of the media
- 94% of the media either agreed or strongly agreed with the statement, “Abortion on demand should remain legal,” compared to 51% of the public.
- 88% of the media thought that “Television is not critical of traditional and religious values.”
It exposes the so-called "fair and balanced" "journalism" of the Fox "News" Channel as the propaganda puppet of the Republican party. Anything but balanced, its reporters and talkers are required by the higher-ups to put a positive spin on anything President Bush, etc. does and a negative spin on anything the Democrats do.
I don't like how the producers of this film in turn seem to be bashing the Republican party somewhat, but for the most part they made this film quite tastefully and not too partisan.
The special "making of" feature (about 30 minutes) was also interesting and definitely worth watching if you enjoyed the film at all.
The movie itself is well made, even though the first 20 minutes or so have a bit of sloppy editing. Too fast clips make the text a bit hard to read. The interviews are often cut, which can be seen as a "shift" in the interviewees position, but this is not always clear. Usually, when making such editings, you make a white flash to indicate that you have omitted some words from this interview. Particulary in this movie this is very important, since the whole issue here is FOX's use of the words "fair and balanced". This documentary however isn't fair and isn't balanced, but then again, no documentary is. The moviemakers doesn't use, or even pretend, to say that this documentary is "fair and balanced", so they might get away with it, but I still believe they should make these things a bit clearer to the viewer. Second, I must say that the length of the film (approx 1 hour and 20 minutes or so) is perfect. It is not too long and not too short. The moviemakers get their point through and in a very good way. Where other filmmakers usually spend too much film on themselves, these guys let the FOX's material speak for itself. And does it work? Oh yes! This film is so hilarious sometimes that one can only wonder if ANYONE with an IQ over 80 can take this O'Reilly guy seriously. He is a total jerk and treats everyone like trash, and most of what he says himself is either "shut up" or some lies. The fun part is the way this material is edited, since we can actually tell for ourselves that O'Reilly IS lying. I had the most fun with the O'Reilly parts, but he is quite a character to make fun of too. Not much is needed, you just have to watch him and hear him and you begin to laugh. I haven't watched FOX "News" so I was stunned over the fact that they have someone that is so ridiculous on the air. O'Reilly is so embarrassing that if I was related to him in any way I would change my name. The other part of this review, the political part: Obviously this movie is made and released in good time before the 2004 election. And it is quite obvious that the makers of this film doesn't like Bush, and that they like Kerry. With that said, I believe this film will hold better after the election than, say, FARENHEIT 9/11 will. This film will still be important after the election, and I think that is this movie's strongest point. It is quite clear that the techniques used by Murdoch in his FOX "News" channel is in many ways the same techniques Joseph Goebbels used when he was working for Hitler back in the 1930's and 1940's. Similarities like censorship, bashing of political sides they don't like, use of symbols, use of fear. I am not saying here that Murdoch or anyone associated with FOX are Nazis - I just say they use the same techniques to get their propaganda through. And it is propaganda. Watching the FOX "News" material is quite shocking, especially the parts which deals with hard subjects like 9/11 and the Iraqi war. Not counting O'Reilly here (because no one can take that guy seriously anyway), the rest of the FOX "News" staff seems to give quite a good impression. This is where it gets dangerous, since they are literary saying the same things that O'Reilly does, but with a calm and intelligent voice that can't be ignored. Murdoch and the Italian PM Berlusconi has also some interesting similarities. Even though Murdoch can't create his own laws, he seems to have a strong link to the US Government (especially if there is a Republican as President) which kind of grants him this power anyway. That is, of course, not free press. And if the FOX "News" channel just said that they were Republican or Conservative or that they said that "we support Bush - not Kerry", then there would be nothing wrong with this, or at least very little. But when FOX uses the words "Fair and balanced" and even have this as a logotype used in their shows and on their website with the impression that it is a registered trademark (!) - THEN it is something really wrong. That is actually a lie, and when a news network lies about something, what parts of what they say is true? Obviously this is FOX's view. Intelligent people can, as FOX say, "decide" for themselves. And last time I was in the USA I only met intelligent people, so I wonder... Does anyone really take FOX seriously? I give this documentary 8 of 10. It is interesting, fun and will still be an important film after the election. It is not perfectly edited and have some other issues, but overall, it is a good film that I hope many people watch, even if you don't agree with the point of view.
The media (Category )